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wikitox:2.3.4.2_cutaneous_mucus_membrane_toxic_plants

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wikitox:2.3.4.2_cutaneous_mucus_membrane_toxic_plants [2018/09/01 09:00] (current)
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 +Link to [[:​wikitox:​problems_for_discussion_4_plant_poisoning|Problems for Discussion]]
 +
 +----
 +
 +====== Plant dermatitis ======
 +
 +Numerous plants may cause minor contact or phytophotodermatitis. Serious reactions suggest a severe allergic response involving hapten formation with plant antigens.
 +
 +The following plants are often implicated:
 +
 +  * Rhus (//​Toxicodendron succedanum//​)
 +  * Poison ivy (//​Toxicodendron radicans//)
 +  * Mango
 +  * Cashew tree
 +
 +The major complications are secondary infection and subsequent nephritis.
 +
 +Treatment comprises local & systemic steroids and symptomatic treatment with [[:​wikitox:​2.1.11.4.2_antihistamines|antihistamines]] and bathing, calamine lotion etc.
 +
 +Hyposensitisation is ineffective.
 +
 +Plant dermatitis can result from skin exposure to Scarlet Rhus (//​Toxicodendron succedanum//​),​ Poison ivy (//​Toxicodendron radicans//​),​ Mango (//​Mangifera indica//), the Broad-leaf Pepper Tree (//Schinus terebinthifolia//​) and the Cashew tree (//​Anacardium occidentale//​). Toxic effects may range from erythema and pruritus to blistering and ulceration.
 +
  
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