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wikitox:2.3.4.7_hallucinogenic_plants [2018/09/01 09:00] (current)
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 +====== Hallucinogenic Plants ======
 +
 +===== ANTICHOLINERGIC PLANTS =====
 +
 +Atropine-like reactions may occur with several plants, some of which are used by drug abusers. The major clinical manifestations are nausea, dry skin & mouth, tachycardia,​ mydriasis, delirium, hallucinations,​ convulsions and urinary retention (the [[:​wikitox:​3.2.1.3_toxidromes|anticholinergic toxidrome]]).
 +
 +The most common plants are:
 +
 +  * //​[[:​wikitox:​datura|Datura]]//​ and //​Brugmansia// ​ species (aka Jimsonweed, Thornapple, Stinkweed, Jamestownweed,​ Devil'​s apple, Angel'​s trumpet, Loco seed, Melpitte, Green dragon, Stramonium and Apple of Peru)
 +  * //​[[:​wikitox:​atropa_belladonna|Atropa belladonna]]//​ (Deadly nightshade)
 +  * //Duboisia myoporoides// ​ (Corkwood)
 +[[:​wikitox:​2.1.11.4.1_anticholinergics|Specific treatment]] consists of sedatives ([[:​wikitox:​benzodiazepines|diazepam]]),​ anticholinesterase inhibitors (physostigmine,​ tacrine), and avoidance of anticholinergic drugs (e.g. neuroleptics).
 +
 +===== OTHER HALLUCINOGENS =====
 +
 +  * Marijuana
 +  * Mushrooms (//​[[:​wikitox:​psilocybe|Psilocybe]]//​ , //​[[:​wikitox:​amanita_phalloides|Amanita]]//​)
 +  * Peyote
 +  * Morning Glory (//​Convolvulaceae//​) (LSD like)
 +  * //Claviceps purpurea// ​ (ergot)
 +  * Nutmeg
 +
  
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