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wikitox:2.3.5.3.2_broad_headed_snakes [2018/09/01 09:00] (current)
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 +====== Broad-headed Snakes ======
 +
 +  * Broad headed snake (//​Hoplocephalus bungaroides//​)
 +  * Pale headed snake (//​Hoplocephalus bitorquatus//​)
 +  * Stephen'​s banded snake (//​Hoplocephalus stephensi//​)
 +
 +This information should be read in conjunction with the detailed background information on [[:​wikitox:​2.3.5.3.2_australian_venomous_snakes|Australian snakebite.]]
 +
 +|**Antivenom** |Tiger Snake: starting dose 1-3 ampoules|
 +|**Bite Site** |? < 50% effective bite, ? minimal local pain|
 +|**Principle venom effect** |Predominantly coagulopathy|
 +
 +Limited to restricted areas of eastern mainland NSW (Hawkesbury River) and SE Queensland. They are nocturnal and occasionally arboreal snakes.
 +
 +Their heads are characteristically broad and distinct from the neck, the body is dark (dark brown or black) with variable bands.
 +
 +Venom not well characterised,​ predominant defibrination coagulopathy with little else. Suspect if defibrination is the only effect of a bite that is positive for tiger snake on VDK.
 +
 +**NOTE: Usually gives positive result in tiger snake tube of Venom Detection Kit.**
 +
 +Preferred antivenom is CSL Tiger Snake Antivenom.
 +
 +===== REFERENCES =====
 +
 +Sutherland SK, Tibballs J. Treatment of snake bite in Australia. In: Sutherland SK, Tibballs J, editors. Australian Animal Toxins. 2nd ed. Melbourne: Oxford University Press; 2001. p. 286-342. \\ White J. Clinical Toxicology of Snakebite in Australia and New Guinea. In: Meier J, White J, editors. Handbook of Clinical Toxicology of Animal Venoms and Poisons. 1st ed. New York: CRC Press; 1995. p. 595-618.
 +
 +\\
 +
  
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